M-1 "Volna" is the first domestic universal anti-aircraft missile system, designed specifically for installation on vehicles. Read more at Federal news Agency.
17 August 1956 began the development of the first national universal missile complex M-1, which was intended for ships of project 61 and 63. But then it was decided to put SAM on ships of projects 58 and 62. Note that the "Wave" on many of the elements were unified with the land s-125.
Thus, both complexes have the same missiles (V-600, V-601, etc.).
the Chief designer of the M-1 was Ignatiev I. A. (research Institute "Altair" — SMEs), and the chief designer of rocket-600 P. D.
Grushin (IBC "Torch" — map). 24 Aug 1962, M-1 together with the rocket-600 was adopted by the Navy. The name "Wave" anti-aircraft missile complex was subsequently in turn the missile In-600 — unclassified index 4К90.
In 1964, "the Wave" was equipped with the latest IN rocket-601 (4К91), designed to hit targets that are at altitudes of over 10 kilometers. During 1967, this SAM got the first seven ships.
If EDTA chelation modernization of anti-aircraft missile system the main improvements concerned the control equipment and anti-aircraft missiles themselves.
SAM missile b-601, carried the name "Wave-M" missiles IN 601М — "Wave-H", with rockets b-611 — "Wave 11", with enhanced noise immunity — "Wave-P" (was adopted in 1976).
the noise Immunity of the complex "Volna-P" was provided to improve the noise immunity of the radio control of the missile and an introduction to the control system optoelectronic channel tracking. Anti-aircraft missile system shipborne "Wave" in the 1980s became known as the shock (USRC) and could fire missiles at surface targets.
later, when there was a serious problem of protecting the ships from low-flying anti-ship missiles, was another modernization of the complex ("Wave-N") using rocket-601М that provides defeat targets flying at altitudes of three to five meters above the crest of a wave.
Despite some drawbacks, anti-aircraft missile system M-1 "Wave" as a whole was successful, received wide distribution in the domestic Military-Marine sea fleet. This SAM is still in service..
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