the Real growth of insurance old-age pension in 2017 will amount to 2.1% compared to last year. This was reported to journalists by the Minister of labour and social protection of the Russian Federation Maxim Topilin. At the same time, the majority of Russians, according to opinion polls, believe a reasonable pension in the amount of from 5 to 30 thousand rubles. The correspondent of the Federal news Agency talked with experts about what impact therefore on the expectations of Russians and why there is this variation.
Nearly 77% of Russians, according to the research specialists of the Russian state social University (from rsgu), outlined desired amount of pensions up to 30 thousand. Waiting almost a third of our compatriots over on the 15–20 thousand. Most experts explain fairly modest requests that the pension expectations of Russians is formed on the basis of the current average pension size. As you know, he now does not exceed 13 thousand roubles.
In addition, respondents believe an acceptable level of pension, which can compensate for 40 percent or more of lost earnings.
"Despite the grandiose name of the Institute, whose experts have made a poll, I'm not sure about the correctness of the question. Not enough to be a scientist or employee of the University: conduct social surveys should be done by a special organization. This is indirectly evidenced by the scatter in the data. To talk about what kind of pension I think it is appropriate for the Russians, perhaps, I will not refrain from their own criteria for an adequate pension.
It depends on the region. A return to the Soviet system of pensions is not possible, the state's economy has changed fundamentally, and today that system simply will not work. Everything was the state and the state was paying pensions, now most sectors of the economy is in private hands", — says the honored doctor of Russia, the Deputy of the state Duma Gennady Onishchenko.
Partly on the expectations of people affected by information that in some countries pensioners receive as much as up to 80% of lost earnings. However in these countries has a multi-level pension system, and the majority of the income people receive through voluntary savings.
In Russia, however, savings have been interested in not all. The number of people who would like to save for retirement on their own, has decreased in two times.
"the survey said nothing new. People evaluate the acceptability of pensions according to which pensions have been formed they have to date. It turns out, most are satisfied.
Although there appear two circumstances: one is fundamentally economic and the other socio-psychological. The decline of pensions in real terms last year was smaller than in 2014 and 2015, thanks to declining inflation and a strengthening ruble. This affected the mood. Plus the government has clearly expressed the need for a one-time compensation, and indexing.
These actions also affected the polls. The main feeling of people that did not become worse", — the economist of the Institute of contemporary development Nikita Maslennikov.
As a reminder , the moratorium on pension accumulation, appeared in Russia in 2014, and the last two years heard statements about the new pension reforms. In particular, it was said that savings will be derived from the system of compulsory pension insurance.
"But there are social-psychological circumstance.
've already received proposals for the restart of the pension system in recent months (in particular, raising the retirement age) that all Russians this forms a wary expectations. According to Russian tradition, everything is new — is always evaluated from the point of view of what will surely become worse. This circumstance oversaturation of questions that remain unanswered, and raises a suspicion, pressing on the subconscious. And leads to the fact that 30 thousand — a limit of dreams, and even then mostly in the cities," adds the economist..