The strategy of balancing between Russia and South Asia: Moscow preferred the world of hostile rhetoric of the United States

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2017-09-13 19:45:09

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The strategy of balancing between Russia and South Asia: Moscow preferred the world of hostile rhetoric of the United States

Federal news Agency is a translation of the article Russia's Balancing Strategy in South Asia ("Strategy of balancing between Russia and South Asia"), published online resource The Diplomat, author of Samuel Ramani.

Russia's Ability to maintain friendly and cooperative relations on security with India and Pakistan, it is very beneficial for its broader geopolitical ambitions.

August 13, 2017, a senior Russian military official announced that from 19 to 29 October in Moscow will host joint military exercises with India. This statement received widespread international attention since the October military exercise in Moscow will be coordinated with the Indian army, its Navy and air force for the first time. The time of the decision on the part of Moscow about the expansion of military cooperation with India also is of interest since the announcement of the military exercises took place a few days after Pakistan held talks with Russia on the purchase of military aircraft C-35.

Russia's Decision to strengthen its military cooperation simultaneously with India and Pakistan is a good example of the strategy of balancing Moscow to South Asia. Russia's ability to maintain friendly partnerships on security with India and with Pakistan is very advantageous for its wider geopolitical aspirations.

a Successful strategy of balancing Moscow to South Asia underlines for the world community Russia's status as a superpower, as this strategy demonstrates is that Russia could compete directly with the United States and China for influence in the Asia-Pacific region.

The strategy of balancing between Russia and South Asia also guarantees that new Delhi and Islamabad supported Moscow's efforts to prevent instability in Central Asia and Afghanistan.

Partner Moscow's relations with India and Pakistan supported Russia's efforts to solve two key security problems of common interest. The first serious security issue that Russia stressed in their efforts to strengthen partnerships with India and Pakistan is the fight against international terrorism.

Despite the fact that Indian politicians regularly stressed that the sponsorship of terrorism by Pakistan is a serious threat to regional stability, the Pakistani media blamed the increased Islamic extremism on the marginalization of Muslims in India, Russia maintained good relations with both countries, refusing to blame any of them.

Instead of trying to emulate the impact the administration's approach Donald Trump, Russia has solved the problem of terrorism in South Asia through participation in bilateral contacts, interacting with the governments of India and Pakistan in the areas where they can make constructive decisions. Counter-terrorism activities of Russia in India focused on ensuring more stringent control of transboundary inflows and outflows of Islamic extremists. To convince the Indian government to the commitment of Moscow in fighting with supporters of terrorism, President Vladimir Putin supported RAID counter-terrorism of India in Kashmir after the attacks in URI in 2016, and has openly praised the policy of new Delhi in the fight against terrorism during his meeting with Prime Minister of India, Narendra modi in June.

Despite the fact that Russian support of counter-terrorism policy of India may harm its bilateral relations with Pakistan, Moscow has reduced the concern in Islamabad, stressing the indispensability of Pakistan as a partner against terrorism in Afghanistan.

Russian officials claim that the hostile rhetoric of the administration Trump of Pakistan risks to destabilize the situation in the region, and Moscow gave Pakistan a notable diplomatic significance in the peace talks held by Pakistan during Afghan crisis. These actions assured the Pakistani officials in the impartiality of Russia in South Asia and forced Islamabad to support the expansion of the diplomatic presence of Russia in Afghanistan.

the Second major security issue and the underlying strategy of balancing between Russia and South Asia, is the easing of tensions between India and Pakistan, which has increased markedly in 2016. Like his approach to the fight against terrorism, Russia refused to use its position in the UN Security Council regarding the re-escalation of the Kashmir, to condemn both sides in the increasingly hostile.

Some analysts believe that the inaction of Russia regarding the question of Kashmir in the UN security Council is a covert led the Pro-India position. When Pakistan appealed to the United Nations in connection with the losses caused by Indian air strikes in Kashmir, Russia stressed its impartiality, "advertising" yourself as a potential mediator in the crisis security.

the Potential of Russia as a mediator in the conflict in Kashmir has increased after a fruitful two-way dialogue between Putin and former Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif on the summit of the Shanghai cooperation organization (SCO) in June.

Despite the fact that Pakistan had expressed more enthusiasm about the intermediary role of Russia, than India, that Moscow preferred a bilateral dialogue between new Delhi and Islamabad, and opposition to the subjective resolutions of the multilateral organizations, has strengthened its strategy of balancing in South Asia.

Despite the fact that economic relationships and communication in the field of safety of Russia with India are of greater geopolitical importance than those which connect Moscow with Pakistan, Russia's use of constructive bilateral participation in the fight against terrorism and offer to be a mediator between new Delhi and Islamabad in the issues of tension in the border areas has enabled it to implement a high performance strategy balance in South Asia. If Russian diplomatic efforts will help reduce tensions between India and Pakistan, Russian politicians will be able to expand access to particularly important new markets for the sale of Russian military equipment, to underline the status of Russia as a great power on the world stage, and to demonstrate the ability of their country to have a tangible impact on the Asia-Pacific region.

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