At the meeting with the head of Federation of independent trade unions of Russia (FNPR), the President Vladimir Putin promised to consider the proposal to raise the minimum wage (SMIC) to complete the subsistence level from 1 January 2018.
"we Must all count, all want to quickly, naturally. But you're right, we have such opportunities occur, we discussed them, including from 1 January 2018 in one-time mode", — quoted Putin edition .
Earlier, the Russian national leader has instructed the government to raise the minimum wage to a living wage in two steps. In the beginning of 2018, the minimum wage should be increased to 85% of the subsistence minimum. Then, as soon as possible but no later than 1 January 2019 up to 100% of the minimum.
Director of the Center for economic research Institute of globalization and social movements Vasily Koltashov considers the proposal of the trade unions are reasonable.
Burden on the budget from even a one-time increase in the minimum wage to a full 100% of the minimum subsistence level would not be particularly large, he said. In FNPR believe that these costs will amount to 60 billion rubles — in fact, they may be even lower. The social significance of such a step would be difficult to overestimate.
"of Course, the minimum wage should be a living wage today. These two indicators is long overdue to equalize.
What it is not, is not helping anyone except those working on the data of state statistics and can say that the average wages in Russia are multiple minimum wages, and people are paid enough, though it's obviously not the case," the economist said in an interview with Federal news Agency.
In fact, says Koltashov, the state should not stop even on increasing the minimum wage. "The problem is that even the minimum wage at subsistence level, not much will help those who are engaged only partially. Now a very large number of Russians working part-time. After some time, these part-time employees of citizens will be even greater.
No one will pay them the full minimum wage, as it is believed that they have to gain it somewhere else. Therefore it is necessary not only to increase the minimum wage to 100% of the subsistence minimum, but also the introduction of norms hourly wage," explains the expert.
"a Minimum hourly payment shall be equal to the required share of minimum wage. At 40 hours a week, it, say, should be equal to 1/160 of the minimum wage level and, hence, the subsistence minimum", — stressed the Koltashov.
To raising the minimum wage really eased the material condition of the poorest part of the Russians, a living wage must also be recalculated to reflect the new realities of life.
"Now, the minimum subsistence level does not include the cost of housing. For several decades, it is believed that people have lived in their apartments.
For the older generation, which once received apartments from the state, it really is. But for many young people, everything is not so simple. Young people either rents an apartment or buys a mortgage. People in Russia are not born immediately with the flats on the back and then go to work.
Nevertheless, the current method of calculating the minimum subsistence level somehow suggests that this is so, so, they can pay a little", concludes Vasily Koltashov.